|5/26 – 6/6/2017|
|Brewsky Observatory, Casa Grande, AZ
|Celestron Edge/11, SBig STF8300M, St-i Guider, Astrodon filters|
|Calibrated in Maxim/DL
Aligned, processed with PixInsight
Using the Hubble SHO pallette
|The Dumbbell Nebula (also known as Apple Core Nebula, Messier 27, M 27, or NGC 6853) is a planetary nebula in the constellation Vulpecula, at a distance of about 1,360 lig.ht-years.
Like many nearby planetary nebulae, the Dumbbell contains knots. Its central region is marked by a pattern of dark and bright cusped knots and their associated dark tails (see picture). The knots vary in appearance from symmetric objects with tails to rather irregular tail-less objects. Similarly to the Helix Nebula and the Eskimo Nebula, the heads of the knots have bright cusps which are local photoionization fronts.
The central star, a white dwarf, is estimated to have a radius which is 0.055±0.02 R☉ which gives it a size larger than any other known white dwarf. The central star mass was estimated in 1999 by Napiwotzki to be 0.56±0.01 M☉.